Pre-Columbian Guangala Clay Head. Ecuador. Circa 300 AD.

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Pre-Columbian artifact.
Clay head.
Guangala culture.
Ecuador.
300 AD.

Fired Clay.
Measures:
2.5” tall x 1.5” x 2”

Guangala, an archaeological culture or ceramic phase defined for the southwest coast of Ecuador and dated from 100 bce to 800 ce. First identified at the village of Guangala.
Guangala cultural remains are distributed along the coast of Guayas Province from Puná Island north to southern Manabí Province The Guangala way of life has been reconstructed from artifacts, human burials, and other remains excavated from a few sites on and near the Santa Elena Peninsula.

Guangala ceramic style represents one of several regional variants that developed out of the preceding, geographically widespread Chorrera tradition. The Guangala style is characterized by innovative ceramic features which suggest that there was significant evolution also in other aspects of Guangala society and economy.
The earliest Guangala pottery is found in small sites scattered extensively along small rivers over the entire region—evidence of a large and expanding population. By middle Guangala times, people were numerous and lived in large and small permanent villages as well as in dispersed homesteads. One large site on the Bay of Santa Elena had "mounds" which, according to the excavator, may have supported houses.
Guangala material culture shows elegant pottery types, handsome figurines, whistles and ocarinas, and personal ornaments, all suggestive of the complexity of social life.

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